Visual vs Text-Based Programming Languages for Kids: A Comprehensive Guide

Visual vs Text-Based Programming Languages for Kids: A Comprehensive Guide

Children can learn programming languages from a young age, and as parents, it’s our responsibility to guide them. If you've decided to teach your child coding, now is the perfect time to start.

Why is Learning Coding Essential?

Coding languages, or programming languages, are the sets of instructions understood by computers. These languages consist of symbols, syntax, and rules that allow programmers to create and run software, applications, and platforms. Mastering a programming language enables kids to understand systems and processes, preparing them for future projects.

Choosing the Right Programming Language

There are two main types of programming languages: text-based and visual-based. Both types are used to build software but have different characteristics. Understanding the pros and cons of each can help you decide which is best for your child.

Pros of Text-Based Programming Languages

Text-based programming languages involve writing code using letters, symbols, and numbers. They require attention to detail and an understanding of complex concepts. A misplaced semicolon can prevent a program from running, so kids need to check their work carefully. Text-based coding fosters creativity and precision, helping young programmers develop resilience and meticulousness. Popular text-based languages include Python, Java, JavaScript, and Lua. For beginners, Logo and Sniff are good starting points.

Pros of Visual-Based Programming Languages

Visual-based programming, or block-based coding, uses graphical elements to create programs. It’s particularly engaging for kids because it involves bright colours and fun shapes, making the learning process enjoyable. Even children who can't read yet can learn to code by arranging visual blocks. Popular visual-based languages include Scratch, Blockly, GameMaker, Kodu, Alice, Lego Mindstorms, and MIT App Inventor.

Comparing Text-Based and Visual-Based Programming

Ease of Learning

Visual-based coding doesn’t require memorising commands or syntax, making it less stressful and more enjoyable for kids. Text-based programming, while more challenging, offers a deeper understanding and can be used for more advanced projects as kids progress.

Level of Understanding

Visual-based coding is accessible even to very young children. It introduces them to basic programming concepts without the complexity of text-based coding. In contrast, text-based programming requires some prior knowledge and problem-solving skills, making it better suited for older children.

Sensitivity to Errors

Text-based programs are sensitive to minor errors, which can be frustrating for beginners. Visual-based coding, with its drag-and-drop interface, is less prone to such issues, making it more user-friendly for young learners.

Layout and Organisation

Text-based coding has a linear structure, demanding precise connections between code segments. Visual-based coding, while still requiring logical flow, offers more flexibility and is easier to rearrange.


Block-based coding can be slower than text-based coding, but it’s a great way for beginners to grasp fundamental concepts. Over time, kids can transition to text-based languages to improve their coding efficiency.

Devices and Accessibility

Visual-based programming is often available on touch-screen devices like tablets and phones, making it accessible and convenient. Text-based coding typically requires a computer or laptop, which may be less convenient for young learners.

What Should I Teach First: Text-Based or Visual-Based Coding?

Choosing between text-based and visual-based coding depends on your child’s interests and prior experience. Here are some recommendations:

  1. Beginners: Start with Scratch, then move to Python.
  2. Creative Animations: Use Alice for block-based coding with 3D models.
  3. Apple Devices: Begin with Swift Playgrounds on an iPad or Mac.
  4. Robotics Enthusiasts: Introduce LEGO Mindstorms.
  5. Experienced Coders: Continue with Python.
  6. Game Development: Choose Roblox with Lua or Minecraft with Java.
  7. Web Development: Teach JavaScript, CSS, and HTML.
  8. 3D Game Development: Use Unity.
  9. Robotics and Engineering: Consider VEX IQ.

How Can I Teach My Child Coding?

Parents can use books, video tutorials, and unplugged coding activities to introduce programming. Investing in toys, robots, and coding materials can also help. Experiential learning and project-based approaches are effective, allowing kids to experiment and discover on their own.

Enrolling Your Child in a Coding School

For a structured learning experience, consider enrolling your child in a coding school. Skill Samurai offers after-school coding and robotics classes for ages 7 to 18, with a curriculum tailored to different age groups and skill levels.

  1. Ages 6+: Visual-based coding with Scratch.
  2. Ages 8-10: Text-based coding with Python, Lua, or Java.
  3. Ages 10+: Advanced courses in Python, web development, 3D game development, and more.
  4. Teenagers: Advanced programming skills and cloud services.

How to Enrol

To enrol your child in a coding class, review the available courses and curriculum. If unsure, seek guidance from a Skill Samurai Coach. Register your child for coding classes in Auckland, and start their journey in 'Coding for Kids in Auckland' and 'Maths Tuition Auckland.'

Skill Samurai provides a fun and supportive environment for children to learn coding and STEM skills, setting them up for future success.

Sign up now.

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Coding for Kids in Auckland: Unleashing Potential Through Fun Learning

Getting Your Child Into Coding and STEM: A Daily Routine Guide

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